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Local SEO: What Are Google’s Local Justifications?

Last updated on July 15, 2022
7 minute read
Key Takeaways

  • Local justifications are small snippets of text displayed in the SERP.
  • They pull content from your website, reviews, and GMB profile.
  • Optimize these elements to benefit from local justifications.

Skill Level


The main goal of the Google search engine results page (SERP) is to offer searchers the answer to their question as quickly and easily as possible. To this end, the SERP is full of features, big and small, that show users how each result matches their query. 

Among these features are local justifications: small snippets of website or review content displayed in the local map pack, local finders, and Google Maps. These snippets highlight information relevant to the user’s search intent — the specific purpose behind their query.  

For example, in this search for “where to get scones in denver,” the local map pack displays three bakeries in Denver, and the local justifications highlight reviews where scones are mentioned. 

screenshot of local map pack highlighting local justifications

This is the type of detail you might not include in SEO elements like the title tag or headings, but Google finds the information elsewhere to enhance the search result and demonstrate its relevance. 

Local justifications span just one or two lines of small text, but they can have a big impact as they help users narrow down their choice from the local map pack. They can influence click-throughs by showing searchers that you offer exactly what they’re looking for. 

You might be wondering how common the local justifications feature is. Moz conducted a study to answer this very question, tracking 10,000 keywords daily. Here’s what they found: 

  • 41% of localized keywords returned a local map pack. 
  • 57% of those local map packs featured local justifications.

Appearing on over half of local map pack results, local justifications are a great opportunity to gain more clicks. But how exactly can you use this feature to your advantage? Let’s take a look at where justifications come from and how to influence them. 

Where do local justifications come from? 

Google pulls information from a variety of sources across their platform and your website, including:screenshot of local map pack highlighting local justifications

  • User reviews 
  • Website content and navigation menu 
  • Google Posts
  • Services — A section on your Google My Business (GMB) account
  • Menus — Sourced from your website, GMB listing, or third-party delivery services
  • And more

While some justifications are easy to track to their source, others are based on data Google has about your business from unconfirmed sources. For example, the source of the “sold here” justification for stores is uncertain, but could include the business website, reviews, and more. 

Can you influence local justifications? 

There’s no information out there on how the Google algorithm selects when to display local justifications or what type of justification to use. So there’s no verified method of influencing local justifications. However, you can set yourself up for success by making sure the information is available on your website, reviews, GMB profile, and beyond. 

Here are a few tactics you can try to boost your local justifications: 

  • Website: This one’s a freebie — make sure that the main keywords and long-tail keywords you want to target are included throughout your website and Google My Business profile. You’re probably already doing this as part of your broader SEO strategy, so you can check this off your list right now! (If it’s been a while since you reviewed your keyword strategy, check out our guide on how to perform keyword research.)
  • Posts: Use Google Posts to your advantage by incorporating the keywords you’re targeting, particularly long-tail keywords. This is a great opportunity to get extra mileage out of your keyword research, and this underutilized feature has other benefits for your business, which you can read about in our guide to Google Posts
  • Reviews: Ask your customers to mention specific aspects of their experience in their review, such as equipment inclusions, guide expertise, or locations visited. (Learn more about soliciting reviews in our review FAQ video.) You don’t have to provide your clients with a long list of keywords to use. Just steer them in the right direction with your own messaging. For example, you could ask: “How was your experience? We want to hear what you thought about our scuba diving lessons, equipment rentals, qualified instructors, or anything else you want to share!” 
  • GMB Services: If you haven’t done so yet, add the services you offer to the Services section of GMB, such as “airport transportation,” “scuba divemaster certification,” “team-building exercises,” or “family photography.”

We know a lot about certain Google features like GMB and featured snippets, but the inner workings of local justifications are less clear. However, all the elements local justifications pull from are important to your SEO strategy in their own right. You can’t help but benefit from ensuring that your reviews, website content, and GMB profile are as optimized for search as possible. Getting a local justification is a bonus for an SEO job well done! 

Learn more about Google’s features in our SEO guides

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